Childhood obesity has reached epidemic levels in developed as well as in developing countries.  Overweight and obesity in childhood can affect their psychological health, educational attainment and quality of life. The prevalence of childhood obesity has risen rapidly in both high, low and Middle income countries which is more public health concern.

Approx 42 million children were affected by overweight or obesity. The prevalence of overweight children under 5 years of age around the world.

In Africa, the estimated prevalence rate of child overweight and obesity of 8.5% in 2010 is projected to increase to 12.7% by 2020.

In Asia, the 2010 prevalence rate of 4.9% equates to approx. 18 million children (2-4). If current trends continue, over 70 million infants and young children will be overweight or obese by 2025, the vast majority living in LMICs ( Low and middle income countries).

The prevalence of infant, childhood and adolescent obesity may be plateauing in some settings, but in absolute numbers there are more children who are overweight and obese living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) than in high-income countries (HICs).

Overweight by WHO region and World Bank income group. Prevalence data available for  older children and data on adolescents are currently being verified and will be released by WHO towards the end of 2015. To date, progress in tackling childhood obesity has been slow and  inconsistent.

The members associated with the neonatal and pediatric research include pediatric scientists, pediatric physicians, pediatricians, pediatric researchers, neonatal specialists, neonatal nutritionists, neonatal nurse practitioners, and neonatal researchers and so on. Pediatric research includes several specialties like of Pediatrics, Neonatology , Aadolescent Care , pediatric cardiology, pediatric allergy, pediatric dermatology, pediatric oncology

Every pediatric specialty conduct research related to their respective topic to improve child health care.